Different Types of Physiotherapy Exercises

Apart from medication and surgery, you can treat your injuries, diseases, and disorders through physical methods. This treatment is called Physiotherapy. Physiotherapy is done in a range of techniques like physiotherapy exercises, manipulation, and massage by a physiotherapist who is specialized in various areas like sports, pain relief, wound care, women’s health…etc.

Physiotherapy primarily includes three parameters. They are Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Neurological Physiotherapy, and Cardiothoracic Physiotherapy. Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy is done to treat conditions like back pain, sprains, strains, arthritis, bursitis, incontinence, posture problems, sport and workplace injuries, and reduced mobility. Rehabilitation after surgeries is also fallen under this Physiotherapy type. The disorders regarding the nervous system such as strokes, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, acquired brain injuries, and Parkinson’s disease is treated with Neurological Physiotherapy. Rehabilitation after brain surgery has taken care of using Neurological Physiotherapy.

Cardiothoracic Physiotherapy Exercises are all about the treatment of Cardozo-respiratory disorders. For example asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Other than them, there is Geriatric Physiotherapy which is regarding unique movement needs of aging people, Paediatric Physiotherapy which treats to the needs of infants, toddlers, children and adolescents with various physical disorders like developmental, neuromuscular and skeletal and also Physiotherapy for a women’s health which primarily focuses on childbirth, female reproductive system, prenatal and postnatal care and infertility issues. Moreover there Sports Physiotherapy and  Physiotherapy for Rehabilitation and Pain Management.

Active Therapy

In Active Therapy, the patient is involved in the treatment actively, moving his body. In simple words, you might call it exercising. Active therapies are done by yourself under the guidance of physiotherapists. Active Therapy requires your physical effort which involves moving your muscles in therapeutic movements and helps your body to gain strength, coordinate and endure more.

There are mainly three types of active therapy. They are Aerobic Exercise, Stretching Exercise and Strengthening Exercise.

Aerobic Exercise

Aerobic exercises are done to exercise your Cardiovascular system. It makes your heart beat faster, makes you breathe harder and causes your body to release sweat. What it actually does is, it strengthens your heart, lungs and makes oxygen flow more efficiently and faster throughout your system.

Aerobic Exercises are done maintaining a rhythm and involves large muscle groups of your body. Some typical examples of aerobic exercises are walking, jogging, indoor cycling and aerobic dancing.

Aerobic exercises increase energy, improves blood circulation of your body, makes your body use more oxygen, increases endurance, reduces body fat and weight, relieves stress, tension, depression, and anxiety and help you to sleep better. Moreover, it also reduces the risk of getting heart trouble and diabetes.

Stretching Exercise

Stretching basically relax your muscles. There are two types of stretches. They are static and dynamic.

Static stretching physiotherapy exercises are done while your body is at rest. What you do in a static stretch is you extend your body to a point of mild tightness and hold in that position for a while and gradually reach and stretch further. Some examples of static stretches are Quadriceps Stretch, Shoulder Stretch, Arm Stretch, and Cobra Pose.

The other type is Dynamic Stretching Physiotherapy Exercises. They are mainly done to ease your body into its full range of motion. Your body becomes ready for activity after your muscles and joints slowly start to feel loose and limber. A few examples of dynamic stretched would be Lunges, Arm Circles, and Trunk Rotation.

Strengthening Exercise

Strengthening exercises are done to develop muscles and gain strength. This is mainly about moving your muscles against resistance. For example, you can make your muscles move against resistance coming from an exercise machine, elastic bands, free weights or barbells, hills, water, stairs or your body weight.

There are three types of Strengthening exercises. The first is Stability Muscle Exercise. This exercise is done on long periods and low intensity. Another example is Dynamic Strengthening Exercise. It is shorter in duration but done with a higher intensity of weight, speed, and power. The final type is the Eccentric Strengthening Exercise. This involves both speed and bearing control. Some Strengthening exercises are Goblet Squat, Pallof Press, Dumbbell Row, Push-up, Split Squat, Lateral Squat, and Hip extension.

massage therapy sessions

Manual Therapy

No machines or devices are used in Manual Therapy. Therapists or practitioners use their bare hands to put pressure on muscles and joints. Manual physiotherapy is used to treat back pains caused by muscle spasm, joint dysfunction, and muscle tension. Manual Therapy includes soft tissue work like massage and mobilization or else manipulation like measured movements done in different speed, force, and distance. The two manual therapy techniques that are most commonly used are the Muscle Energy Technique (MET) and Myofascial Release (MFR).


Physiotherapy related to the Nervous System is called Neurodynamics. It involves decompression of nerves, various neural mobilization techniques done by a Neurodynamics trained physiotherapist. This is used to treat conditions like back pain, Sciatica, neck pain, shoulder pain, tennis elbow, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Pinched Nerve.

Neural Tension Tests or Neurodynamic Tests are done to find out whether you have anders neural tension and where your nerve is impeded. After finding out, the necessary Neural Tension Treatment your body requires is decided.

Massage and Soft Tissue Physiotherapy Exercises

Massaging is the best way to treat the soft tissues of your muscles. Soft tissue massage directly affects the muscles and the soft tissues of your body.

These messages vary according to different massage depths, pressures, and durations. That is decided by then massage therapies according to your body’s needs. Massage Therapists targets your muscles, tendons, ligaments and other connective tissues during the massage.

Soft Tissue Massage helps in muscle relaxation, increase in blood circulation and lymph flow increases the flexibility of your body and range of motion, reduces joint inflammation and heart rate, increase oxygen flow and make the immune system stronger, decrease muscle spasms and relieve muscle tension. You can also gain mental results as well as physical effects by soft tissue massage therapies. It helps to relax your body as well as the mind. Some examples of soft tissue massage techniques are Swedish Massage and Deep Tissue Massage.

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